Credible Sources for Epigenetics

CREDIBLE SOURCE

URL:

http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2015/12/28/jech-2015-206274.full

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Sample:

“Substantial evidence supports the notion that adult chronic diseases are not determined solely by exposures and events in adult life. Beyond genetic susceptibility, exposures and the social circumstances of early life begin a process that extends throughout the lifespan to influence adult disease. Epidemiologists take a life-course approach to the study of physical and social hazards during gestation, childhood, adolescence, young adulthood and midlife that can affect adult chronic disease risk and health outcomes. This well-established approach aims to identify the underlying biological, behavioural and psychosocial processes that operate across the lifespan. Aetiological factors may act during critical periods of development, with or without additional later life influences, or they may act through the accumulation of risk through various pathways. This approach focuses our attention on the importance of the early environment on human biological and psychological development and on the timing of a range of exposures during this critical period, including those associated with adverse socioeconomic circumstances.”

MLA Citation:

Vohra, Jyotsna,  Michael G Marmot, Linda Bauld, and Robert A Hiatt. “Socioeconomic position in childhood and cancer in adulthood: a rapid-review.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (29 Dec. 2015): n.p.  (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <http://jech.bmj.com/content/early/2015/12/28/jech-2015-206274.full>.

In-Text: (Vohra et al.)

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APA Citation:

Vohra, J., Marmot, M. G., Bauld, L., & Hiatt, Robert A. (2015, Dec 29). Socioeconomic position in childhood and cancer in adulthood: a rapid-review. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, n.p. doi:10.1136/jech-2015-206274

In-Text: (Vohra, Marmot, Bauld, Hiatt, 2015)

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CREDIBLE SOURCE

URL:

http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/epigenetics/twins/

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Sample:

“To illustrate, for twins with schizophrenia, 50% identical twins share the disease, while only about 10-15% of fraternal twins do. This difference is evidence for a strong genetic component in susceptibility to schizophrenia. However, the fact that both identical twins in a pair don’t develop the disease 100% of the time indicates that other factors are involved.”

MLA Citation:

“Insights From Identical Twins.” learn.genetics.utah.edu. University of Utah, n.d.  (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/epigenetics/twins/>.

In-Text: (“Insights From Identical Twins”)

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APA Citation:

Insights from identical twins. (n.d.). University of Utah. Retrieved from http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/epigenetics/twins/

In-Text: (Insights from identical twins)

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CREDIBLE SOURCE

URL:

http://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/61/8/588.full

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Sample:

“In its brief history, epigenetics research has concentrated mostly on the early development of organisms. One strain of these investigations is development of behavior, and this line of research now has its own name: Behavioral epigenetics refers to the study of how signals from the environment trigger molecular biological changes that modify what goes on in brain cells. Here, the term environment encompasses pretty much everything that happens in every stage of life: social experience; nutrition; hormones; and toxicological exposures that occur prenatally, postnatally, and in adulthood. If research on epigenetics is in its infancy, research on behavioral epigenetics is in embryo.”

MLA Citation:

Powledge, Tabitha. “Behavioral Epigenetics: How Nurture Shapes Nature.” Bioscience 61.8 (2011): 588-592.  (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <http://bioscience.oxfordjournals.org/content/61/8/588.full>.

In-Text: (Powledge)

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APA Citation:

Powledge, T. (2011). Behavioral Epigenetics: How nurture shapes nature. Bioscience, 68(8), 588-592. doi: 10.1525/bio.2011.61.8.4

In-Text: (Powledge, 2011)

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