Credible Sources for Coral Reefs


Credible Sources

There is no shortage of research and scientific data on the web showing the effect of human activity on the Earth’s climate, but with so much information available, and from so many different sources, it can be hard for a student to sort through everything to find the sources needed for your research assignments. CRS has compiled a large collection of credible sources around this topic, and in this post we have placed them all in one spot and organized them by the information you can find in each. If you need more research on this topic or another, use the Study Hall to get help from us and other students. (Note: some of the sources below will appear under more than one category, keep that in mind.)

 

The Basics

The following sources cover all the basics of climate change, including the causes and indicators, as well as a great Q&A format post covering the effects of global warming, the Paris Agreement, and whether or not it’s too late save our planet. There are much more in depth sources in this guide, but all of these are great starting points for research. Furthermore, the websites linked to (NASA, National Climatic Data Center) have much more information about global warming, greenhouse gasses, and the science of climate change.

 

Human Activity and Greenhouse Gases

One of the main points of the climate change debate is not whether or not it is really happening (which is now very well-documented), but whether or not it is caused by human activity or simply a naturally occurring process. There is an abundance of evidence below to show how human activity is impacting the Earth’s climate, complete with scientific data, physical evidence in our air and oceans, and how our industries are contributing to the problem (and have been for a long time).

 

Renewable Resources

Renewable energy is one of the most important parts of combating climate change and preventing further damage to the Earth. The sources below provide information on the various types of renewable energy, how they help fight against climate change, and common misunderstandings about renewable energies.

 

Extreme Weather

It would be pretty hard for anyone living in the U.S. to ignore the odd and sometimes extreme weather that has occurred in recent years. With the scientific community frequently stating that global warming and climate change will have negative impacts on our planet, it is quite natural to wonder if we are already seeing these negative impacts in the form of extreme weather events, mild winters, and early springs. Here is all the research you need to determine that for yourself.

 

Benefits of Preventing Climate Change

There is at least one obvious benefit to preventing climate change: saving our planet. There are more, however, which are just as important and beneficial to society. Embracing renewable energy will not only protect our atmosphere but also create an enormous economic sector and an abundance of jobs, while the efficiency of renewable energies will also serve to bring down costs, like those of production and transportation, over time.

 

On Climate Change Denial…

Unfortunately, there are some who disagree with the entire scientific community on the topic of climate change. Whatever the reasons for this, it is a very dangerous misconception and should be addressed. With all of this research, it seems difficult to deny the impact of human activity on our climate and the impact of global warming on our planet, but here are some more sources to specifically address the denial.

Climate Change and the Integrity of ScienceThe above link leads to an article published in the scholarly journal Science published by the American Association for the Advancement of Science, which argues the questioning of climate change research is equal to doubting the entire scientific community. It is signed by dozens of scientists and researchers, and it may in fact be the most concisely written argument against climate change denial that exists today.

CREDIBLE SOURCE

URL:

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3497744/

Can’t Find What You’re Looking For?

Tell us what you’re looking for in the Study Hall and get responses from us, and you’re fellow students. Get help with exactly what you need so you can get this assignment out of the way and move on to better things (or the next assignment).

Learn More

Sample:

“There is increasing concern about the progressive degradation of the world’s coral reefs (1–3). Major anthropogenic risk factors include mortality and reduced growth of the reef-building corals due to their high sensitivity to rising seawater temperatures, ocean acidification, water pollution from terrestrial runoff and dredging, destructive fishing, overfishing, and coastal development (4). These anthropogenic risks interact with other large-scale acute disturbances, especially tropical storms and population outbreaks of the coral-eating crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) Acanthaster planci, which may also increase in frequency and intensity in response to human activities (5, 6).”

MLA Citation:

De’ath, Glenn, Katharina E. Fabricius, Hugh Sweatman, and Marji Puotinen. “The 27–year decline of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef and its causes.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109.44 (1 Oct. 2012): 17995-17999.  (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3497744/>.

In-Text: (De’ath et al.)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

APA Citation:

De’ath, G., Fabricus, K.E., Sweatman, H., & Puotinen, M. (2012, Oct. 1). The 27–year decline of coral cover on the Great Barrier Reef and its causes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109(44), 17995-17999. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208909109

In-Text: ( 2012)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

CREDIBLE SOURCE

URL:

http://www.reefresilience.org/coral-reefs/stressors/predator-outbreaks/crown-of-thorns-starfish/

Can’t Find What You’re Looking For?

Tell us what you’re looking for in the Study Hall and get responses from us, and you’re fellow students. Get help with exactly what you need so you can get this assignment out of the way and move on to better things (or the next assignment).

Learn More

Sample:

“Crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) are found throughout the Indo-Pacific region, occurring from the Red Sea and coast of East Africa, across the Pacific and Indian Oceans, to the west coast of Central America. Predators of COTS include the giant triton snail, the stars and stripes pufferfish (Arothron hispidus), the titan triggerfish (Balistoides viridescens), and the humphead maori wrasse (Cheilinus undulates).”

MLA Citation:

“Crown of Thorns Starfish.” reefresilience.org. The Nature Conservancy, 14 Jul. 2015. (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <http://www.reefresilience.org/coral-reefs/stressors/predator-outbreaks/crown-of-thorns-starfish/>.

In-Text: (“Crown of Thorns Starfish”)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

APA Citation:

Crown of Thorns Starfish. (2015, Jul. 14). The Nature Conservancy. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/19/tv/cover-story-holmes-loses-the-hat-and-watson-gets-hip.html

In-Text: (“Crown of Thorns Starfish”, 2015)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***