Study Linking Vaccines with Autism Retracted but Still Hurting Science and Public Health – Science-Based Medicine



Can’t Find What You’re Looking For?

Tell us what you’re looking for in the Study Hall and get responses from us, and you’re fellow students. Get help with exactly what you need so you can get this assignment out of the way and move on to better things (or the next assignment).

Learn More


“However, error should not include scientific fraud, or science that is thoroughly misrepresented. One aspect of the transparency demanded by science, and increasingly an issue, is disclosure of potential conflicts of interest. This is the issue that first got Wakefield in hot water with the Lancet – the journal that published his original research. Wakefield was being paid as an expert by lawyers who were suing over alleged vaccine injury. In fact some of the children in the study were the children of parents who were suing. This is a massive conflict of interest.

When this came to light the Lancet responded by contacting the co-authors of the article and essentially asking them if they still stand by the results of the study. Ten of the original 12 authors of the study retracted their support for the study and its interpretation. In 2004 the Lancet published a retraction. However, it was only a partial retraction, and the study remained as part of the published literature.”

MLA Citation:

Novella, Steven. “The Lancet retracts Andrew Wakefield’s article.”, 3 Feb. 2010, Accessed (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE).

In-Text: (Novella)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

APA Citation:

Novella, S. (2011, Feb. 3). The Lancet retracts Andrew Wakefield’s article. Retrieved from

In-Text: (Novella, 2011)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

Need More Help?

Chegg's tutors will help you get a better grade. Get your first 30 mins FREE.


The 8th edition of MLA has resulted in changes to the citation format. Correcting the citations on our website will take some time. Until then, please reference the guidelines below to correct the citation format. You will still be using the information provided here, but you may need to adjust the format for MLA 8.

Most MLA citations on our site should follow this format:

Author, A. Title of Source. Publisher, Date, URL. Accessed, 1 Jan 2050.
"Web." removed
  • Medium of publication does not need to be stated if obvious.
  • Listing the "name of the site" is not necessary if it is the same as the name of the publisher.
No brackets around URLs
  • URLs should be placed after the publication date, separated by a comma, and before the date accessed, with a period at the end.

For citing an article in a scholarly journal you will use the journal title instead of publisher, and retain any volume, issue, and page numbers. Use a DOI in place of URL if one is available.

Leave a Reply