Nature vs Nurture, Gene-Environment Interaction, and Disease – Neuron (Scholarly Publication)



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“Gene-environment interaction is a broad term encompassing the synergistic effect of genes and the environment on a disease or trait. In this instance, the term environment can be broadly interpreted to include lifestyle factors in addition to the more traditional physical, chemical, and biological exposures that individuals are subjected to in their occupational and domestic surroundings. In many ways, the term gene-environment interaction represents a new dimension of the long-standing “nature versus nurture” debate. In part this reflects a growing realization that the notion of nature or nurture is a false dichotomy and that understanding how these two powerful forces interact is key to unraveling disease pathogenesis (Levin, 2009, Rutter, 2002, Wermter et al., 2010). In our opinion, a complete understanding of the role of environment in disease cannot be achieved in isolation, but rather must be viewed in the context of the genome and its variety.”

MLA Citation:

Traynor, Bryan and Andrew Singleton. “Nature versus Nurture: Death of a Dogma, and the Road Ahead.” Neuron Volume 68 Issue 2: p. 196-200.  21 Oct. 2010. <>.

In-Text: (Traynor and Singleton)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

APA Citation:

Traynor, B., & Singleton, A. (2010, Oct. 21). Nature versus nurture: Death of a dogma, and the road ahead. Neuron, Volume 68, Issue 2, 196-200.

In-Text: (Traynor & Singleton, 2010)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

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The 8th edition of MLA has resulted in changes to the citation format. Correcting the citations on our website will take some time. Until then, please reference the guidelines below to correct the citation format. You will still be using the information provided here, but you may need to adjust the format for MLA 8.

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