Impact of Socioeconomic Position in Childhood on Development of Cancer – Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health



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“Substantial evidence supports the notion that adult chronic diseases are not determined solely by exposures and events in adult life. Beyond genetic susceptibility, exposures and the social circumstances of early life begin a process that extends throughout the lifespan to influence adult disease. Epidemiologists take a life-course approach to the study of physical and social hazards during gestation, childhood, adolescence, young adulthood and midlife that can affect adult chronic disease risk and health outcomes. This well-established approach aims to identify the underlying biological, behavioural and psychosocial processes that operate across the lifespan. Aetiological factors may act during critical periods of development, with or without additional later life influences, or they may act through the accumulation of risk through various pathways. This approach focuses our attention on the importance of the early environment on human biological and psychological development and on the timing of a range of exposures during this critical period, including those associated with adverse socioeconomic circumstances.”

MLA Citation:

Vohra, Jyotsna,  Michael G Marmot, Linda Bauld, and Robert A Hiatt. “Socioeconomic position in childhood and cancer in adulthood: a rapid-review.” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health (29 Dec. 2015): n.p.  (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <>.

In-Text: (Vohra et al.)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

APA Citation:

Vohra, J., Marmot, M. G., Bauld, L., & Hiatt, Robert A. (2015, Dec 29). Socioeconomic position in childhood and cancer in adulthood: a rapid-review. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, n.p. doi:10.1136/jech-2015-206274

In-Text: (Vohra, Marmot, Bauld, Hiatt, 2015)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

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The 8th edition of MLA has resulted in changes to the citation format. Correcting the citations on our website will take some time. Until then, please reference the guidelines below to correct the citation format. You will still be using the information provided here, but you may need to adjust the format for MLA 8.

Most MLA citations on our site should follow this format:

Author, A. Title of Source. Publisher, Date, URL. Accessed, 1 Jan 2050.
"Web." removed
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For citing an article in a scholarly journal you will use the journal title instead of publisher, and retain any volume, issue, and page numbers. Use a DOI in place of URL if one is available.

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