History of Nature vs Nurture Debate; Role in Media Effects Research – msu.edu




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“Nearly 30 years ago, Alexander Thomas and Stella Chess (1977) offered a version
of human development that consisted of a compromise between the nature and nurture
perspectives. In the time since, great advances have been made in understanding
human psychology. It is past time for media effects researchers to embrace the
interactionist perspective offered by Thomas and Chess and embraced by legions
of human behavior researchers. There is no longer any question among most developmental
psychologists, cognitive scientists, neuroscientists, and biologists that
nature interacts with nurture to determine human behavior.”

MLA Citation:

Sherry, John L. “Media Effects Theory and the Nature/Nurture Debate: A Historical Overview and Directions for Future Research.” msu.edu. Michigan State University, 2004.  (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <https://www.msu.edu/~jsherry/Site/NatureNurture.pdf>.

In-Text: (Sherry)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

APA Citation:

Sherry, J. L. (2004). Media Effects Theory and the Nature/Nurture debate: A historical overview and directions for future research. Michigan State University. Retrieved from https://www.msu.edu/~jsherry/Site/NatureNurture.pdf

In-Text: (Sherry, 2004)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

Note on citations: We used the format for citing a website page for the MLA citation. The research paper itself lists Purdue University, where the author had done the research; However, the credible source is found on Michigan State University’s website, where the author now seems to be employed. The OWL guide states one should list the website name and organization affiliated with the website (msu.edu and Michigan State University, respectively) in the citation. Since the source is being accessed through the web this is appropriate, though the original publisher does not appear to be MSU. Please consider your specific requirements and guidelines when preparing your bibliography.


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The 8th edition of MLA has resulted in changes to the citation format. Correcting the citations on our website will take some time. Until then, please reference the guidelines below to correct the citation format. You will still be using the information provided here, but you may need to adjust the format for MLA 8.

Most MLA citations on our site should follow this format:

Author, A. Title of Source. Publisher, Date, URL. Accessed, 1 Jan 2050.
"Web." removed
  • Medium of publication does not need to be stated if obvious.
  • Listing the "name of the site" is not necessary if it is the same as the name of the publisher.
No brackets around URLs
  • URLs should be placed after the publication date, separated by a comma, and before the date accessed, with a period at the end.

For citing an article in a scholarly journal you will use the journal title instead of publisher, and retain any volume, issue, and page numbers. Use a DOI in place of URL if one is available.

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