Gene-Environment Interaction, Nature vs Nurture and Modern Applications –



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“Nature and nurture are not simply additive interactions that result in a particular behavior, but rather a complex interplay of many factors. Nature includes not only the usual factors—parents, homes, what people learn—but also many other factors that individuals are exposed to routinely in their daily environments. As Marder emphasized, we cannot simply assume that gene X produces behavior Y. Instead as Bialek described, there are often many additional factors that directly and indirectly interact with gene X and ultimately influence variants in behavior. These variants define individuality.”

MLA Citation:

“Grand Challenge: Nature Versus Nurture: How Does the Interplay of Biology and Experience Shape Our Brains and Make Us Who We Are?” National Centers for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2008.  (PUT DATE OF ACCESS HERE). <>.

In-Text: (“Grand Challenge: Nature Versus Nurture”)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

APA Citation:

Grand challenge: Nature versus nurture: How does the interplay of biology and experience shape our brains and make us who we are? (2008). National Centers for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved from

In-Text: (Grand challenge: Nature versus nurture)

***REMEMBER all lines of the citation after the first get indented once***

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